Pronouns in English and their uses

 

Before we learn about pronouns in English and their uses, we would like to tell our readers a few things. All the English Grammar related posts we provide you here are on an order basis. We are taking such an initiative under the goodwill that even those who have no knowledge of English should learn English easily.

We have already left five posts on English Grammar here and after reading those four posts you will see this post then it will be easier for you to understand it.

So we are attaching here for you the links of all four posts posted by us earlier.

https://edusham.com/an-introduction-to-the-english-language/

https://edusham.com/usage-of-article-a-an-the/

https://edusham.com/uses-of-nouns-in-english/

https://edusham.com/uses-of-nouns-in-english-part-02/

https://edusham.com/numbers-singular-and-plural-and-genders/

General Knowledge

Here we will learn a few things under the heading of Pronouns.

So, we are going to discuss under the heading of pronouns,

01. The definition of pronouns.
02. The types of pronouns.
03. How to use pronouns in a sentence perfectly.

If we study the above three categories clearly we can get knowledge of pronouns.

01. The definition of pronouns in English – pronouns in English and their uses

Pronoun is a word that replaces the noun.

Ex:- Abdullah is eating a chocolate.
He is eating chocolate.

According to the above example, I can point to Abdullah and I can say “Abdullah is eating chocolate”.
Similarly, I can point to Abdullah and I can say that “”he is eating chocolate”.

So, based on that both sentences imply that “Abdullah is eating chocolate”.

So, according to the above example, the noun “Abdullah” is replaced by the pronoun “he”. So, here the pronoun “he” indicates Abdullah.

So based on the explanations I gave above you should have a clear idea about what is a pronoun.

02. Types of pronouns in English – pronouns in English and their uses

In general, the pronouns in English can be divided into six categories.

01. Subject Pronoun
02. Object Pronoun
03. Possessive Adjective
04. Possessive Pronoun
05. Reflexive Pronoun
06. Demonstrative Pronoun

Let’s learn the above 6 pronouns one by one with their definitions and how to use them in a sentence properly.

01. Subject Pronouns and its definition – pronouns in English and their uses

There are seven subject pronouns in English.

I
He
She
It
We
You
They

* The subject pronoun will replace the subject in a sentence. The subject pronoun appears before the main verb or helping verb.Subject Pronoun can also be called “Personal Pronoun”. Let’s see some examples of these. Helping verbs can also be called auxiliary verbs.Here we show the main verbs and auxiliary verbs in bold.

01. Aliya is a good girl.
She is a good girl.

02. Tom is intelligent student.
He is intelligent student.

03. Doctors examine patients.
They examine patients.

04. Sham is an engineer.
I am an engineer.

05. Flight is flying over the roof.
It is flying over the roof.

06. Students are learning for exam.
We are learning for exams.

07. Farmers are harvesting paddy.
They are harvesting paddy.

We remind you once again about the auxiliary verbs in English.

Am , Is , Are , Was ,Were , Will be
Do , Does , Did
Have , Has , Had

02. Object Pronouns and its definition

There are seven subject pronouns in English.

Subject        Object
Pronouns.   Pronouns

I.                  Me
He.              Him
She.             Her
It.                 It
We.              Us
You.             You
They.           Them

* The object pronoun will replace the object in a sentence. The object pronoun appears after the main verb or after the preposition.Let’s see some examples of these. We show here the main verbs and prepositions in bold letters.

01. They hate me.
02. She doesn’t like us.
03. I don’t want to listen to her.
04. We don’t play with them.
05. I bought this for him.
06. She invited her.
07. The lion hunted it.

03. Possessive Adjective and its definition

There are seven Possessive Adjectives in English.

Subject         Object           Possessive
Pronouns.    Pronouns.    Adjective

I                     Me                My

He.                 Him.            His

She.                Her.             Her

It.                    It.                 Its

We.                 Us.               Our

You.                You              Your

They.              Them.          Their

Possessive adjective always comes before the noun. Let’s see some examples of these. We show here the Possessive adjectives in bold letters.

01. This is my book.
02. He is our friend.
03. we are your friends.
04. It is his pet.
05. That is her car.
06. Their children are doctors.
07. Its nest was demolished by someone.

Possessive adjectives can come at the beginning or end of the sentence but the condition is that the possessive adjective must come before a noun.

04. Possessive Pronouns and its definition

There are 6 Possessive Adjectives in English.

Subject      Object        Possessive. Possessive
Pronouns. Pronouns. Pronouns.  Adjectives

I.                  Me.             My.              Mine
He.              Him.           His.              His
She.             Her.            Her.             His

It                  It                 Its                –

We               Us               Our              Ours

You              You             Your            Yours
They            Them         Their           Theirs

We don’t use “its” as a Possessive Pronoun of “it”.

Possessive Pronouns always come after the “Be” verbs. Let’s see some examples of these. We show here the Possessive Pronouns in bold letters.

Here, the “be” verb refers to the auxiliary verbs they come from the “be” verb. Those are,

am , is , are , was , were , be.

So l, the possessive pronoun comes after the “am” , “is” , “are” , “was” , “were” , “will be”.

Here, we do not use the possessive Pronoun after the helping verb ” am”.

01. This book is mine.
02. The shirt is yours.
03. The car is hers.
04. The house was yours.
05. The shop will be his.
06. Those keys are ours.
07. That phone may be mine.

A possessive pronoun usually comes at the end of a sentence. Only a few times it can also occur at the beginning of the sentence but the chances are very, very low.

05. Reflexive Pronouns and its definition

There are 7 Possessive Adjectives in English.

Subject.Object.Possessive.Possessive.Reflexive

Pro        Pro          Adj               Pro            Pro

I.          Me.          My.          Mine.   Myself
He.       Him.        His.          His.      Himself
She.      Her.         Her.         His.     Herself
It.           It.            Its.            –          Itself
We.        Us.          Our.       Ours.    Ourselves
They.   Them.     Their.     Theirs.  Themselves
You.      You          Your.    Yours     Yourself
You.      You          Your.    Yours     Yourselves

A reflexive pronoun is used when the subject and object of a sentence are similar.

We can see the uses of the reflexive pronoun in two ways.

The subject of the sentence decides which reflex pronoun should appear in the sentence.

01. Reflexive pronoun should be used as the object of a sentence.

It comes after the main verb or a preposition in a sentence when it is used as an object.We show here the main verb and the preposition in bold letters.

01. I drive myself.
02. My sister is making herself a cup of tea.
03. My sister is making a cup of tea for herself.
04. My brother and I are looking at ourselves in the mirror.
05. You love yourself.

02. Reflexive Pronoun is also used to the emphasis of the subject in a sentence.

At this time, we should use the reflexive Pronoun between the subject and the main verb or after the object.

01. I myself did my homework.
I did homework myself.

02. We Ourselves are cooking.
We are cooking rice Ourselves.

03. Mrs. Amal herself phoned my mother.
Mrs. Amal phoned my mother herself.

04. The children themselves cleaned the  room.
The children cleaned the room themselves.

05. He himself built a house.
He built a house himself.

06. Demonstrative Pronouns and its definition

Demonstrative Pronoun is used to replace a noun or a Pronoun that has already been mentioned in a sentence. There are only four demonstrative Pronouns.

01. This
02. That
03. These
04. Those

*Here, the word “this” is used to refer to the closer singular object.

* Here, the word “that” is used to refer to the far away singular object.

* Here, the word “these” is used to refer to the closer plural object.

* Here, the word “those” is used to refer to the fat away plural object.

01. This is my car.
02. These are my cars.
03. That is my car.
04. Those are my cars.

* Here, when “this” and “that” come , the noun in the sentence must be singular.

*Here, when “these” and “those” come , the noun in the sentence must be plural.

So, in this part five, we have given with a complete explanation about pronouns in English and their uses and we have also given very clear explanations about Pronouns related definitions , its types and uses. We hope our clear explanations are clear to all of you. We will continue again in Part 6 of this class series.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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